||Although some disagreement,
all poultry stems from Jungle Fowl.
|Over 344 breeds/varieties of
chickens are recognized in the USA.
||Scientists who have discovered
a mutant chicken with a complete set of teeth. First discovered 50 years
|Other countries recognize
||The chicken can travel up to 9
miles per hour.
|Alektorophobia is the name
given to “The Fear of Chickens”.
||China not only has the most
people in the world, but also has the most Horses with 10,000,000 and
chickens with over 3,000,000,000.
|You do not need a rooster to
get a hen to lay eggs.
||Chickens are omnivores. They
will each primarily vegetation but like meat too.
|Amount of light is what
stimulates a hen to lay eggs.
||The tallest breed of chicken
is the Langshan.
||To give poultry CPR you need
to pump the legs up and down.
||Cows were domesticated about
5,000 years ago
|Cows can see color
||Cows can detect odors up to 5
|Cows spends 6 hours eating and
8 hours chewing cud each day.
||Cows can hear lower and higher
frequencies better than humans
|Pilgrims first brought cows to
||Cows can hear a low noise up
to 2 miles away.
|A cow has four stomachs.
||1611 Cows arrive to America
brought by pilgrims but there were 1624 Cows that reach Jamestown.
||basenji ( African wolf dog) is
the only dog that cannot bark.
|Pregnancy is 60 Days.
||Most modern dog breeds were
developed about 100 years ago
|Laika was 1st dog in space,
||Dogs were first domesticated
about 20,000 years ago
| Dogs can see color.
||Dogs are members of the order
|The only dog in the world that
cannot bark is the Basenji, an African wolf dog.
||Dogs have about 100 different
facial expressions, most of them made with the ears.
|The Dalmatian is the only dog
that gets gout.
||Dogs and humans are the only
animals with prostates.
|.World's oldest dog was
29years, 5 months.
||Largest dog recorded, Zorba a
343 lb , 8 feet 3 inches long Old English Mastiff
|Dogs are responsible for most
||A dog's smell is estimated at
1 million times better than humans.
|Heartbeat is 70-120 times per
||Eight million pets lose their
lives in animal shelters each year.
|About one family in three owns
||Normal body temperature for a
dog is 101.2 degrees F.
|Average dog has 42 permanent
||A Dachshund has 125,000,000, a
Fox Terrier 147,000,000 and an Alsation has 220,000,000. Humans have
|Female dogs are more likely to
||Longest jump was by a
Greyhound, 30 feet in 1849.
|50,000 year old cave painting
in Europe seems to show a doglike animal hunting with men.
||When Pompeii destroyed by
Mount Vesuvius in AD 79, was finally excavated, searchers found evidence
of a dog lying across a child.
|Dachshunds were bred to fight
badgers in their dens
||Chihuahua is the oldest breed
of dog native to North America.
|Dogs can sense Cancer in
||Dogs can predict Epileptic Seizures
||Bones from 14,000 years ago
proves that people kept dogs as pets.
|USA's first dog show Detroit,
||World's first dog show took
place in Great Britain in 1859.
||Pilgrims were the first to
introduce cats to North America.
from the pads of their paws.
||Maine Coon cat is America's only
"natural" breed of domestic feline.
have 244 bones in their bodies.
||Domestic cat can sprint at
about 31 miles per hour.
|32 muscles in each ear.
||Heaviest recorded cat was
called Himmy and weighed 21.3kg.
|Cats are believed to see
||Must have fat in their diet,
because they can't produce it on their own.
|Meow is only reserved for
||Cat pregnancy is about 58-65
|100 different vocalization
||There are 100 breeds of Cats.
|Both humans and cats have
identical regions in the brain responsible for emotion.
||A purring cat doesn't always
mean its happy. Cats also purr if they're in pain.
|Cats prefer even numbers to
||A cat can jump 5 times as high
as they are tall.
||Ancient Egyptians over 3000
years ago and were brought to Britain almost 2000 years ago by the Romans.
|Ferret males are called Hobs.
||First Ferrets brought to
England 2,000 years ago.
|Ferrets are members of the
||Ferrets can catch our colds
and flu from humans.
|Ferret Females are called
||Ancient Egyptians first kept
Ferrets 3,000 years ago
|Baby Ferrets are called Kitts.
||Cousins to the Ferret are
weasels, stoats, polecats, martens, mink, badgers and a few more.
|Ferrets eyesight is not good.
||16 hours of sunlight makes
Ferrets go into heat.
|life span: 5-8 years
||Ferrets should be played with
||Most of the 50 species or
Piranha in South American eat seeds & fruit that fall into the water.
| Florida produces
and supplies 95 percent of the tropical fish sold in North America.
||Fish aquariums lower blood
pressure in both hypertensive and normal people.
|Arowana babies live in their
fathers' mouth until they are big enough to be on their own.
||Well cared for Goldfish can
live to be as much as 70 years old.
|Climbing Perch can walk on dry
land and even climb trees.
||Discus feed their babies on
mucus they excrete from their bodies
|Fish age is determined by the
growth rings in the ear.
||First fish keepers were
Sumerians, more than 4,500 years ago.
|Aquarium fish are the most
popular pet in
America. 12 million households owning more than 158,600,000 fish.
|Students who own fish score
the highest on Math and
verbal SAT, than non-pet owners.
|Fish rest by blanking their
||There are more than 20,000
species of fish discovered and probably that many not yet discovered.
|A pregnant goldfish is called
||Goldfish are the most popular
as pets and used for food by the Incas prior to the arrival of the Spanish
in the 16th century.
||Variety of vocalizations are
used by guinea pigs to communicate fear, danger, separation from cage
|Originated in South America
||Most common response to danger
appears to be immobility.
guinea pigs are called sows and males are called boars.
pigs develop rigid habit patterns. Changes in feed, water, feeder or
waterer may cause them to stop eating or drinking.
|Life span is between 5-12
||The American guinea pig has a
short coat, while the Peruvian and the Silky have long silky fur.
|Need an ample amount of
Vitamin C to prevent scurvy.
gestation period for a new litter of 1 to 6 babies is 63 days.
guinea pigs start to eat dry food at 4-5 days of age and should be weaned
at about 10 days.
and hamster food should NOT be fed to guinea pigs since antibiotics
commonly found in them will destroy the unique balance of helpful bacteria
in their intestines.
|The Aperea, the guinea pig's
nearest extant wild relative, is found at altitudes of up to 13,000 feet.
||Guinea Pigs should be bathed
every three to four months with a normal anti-dandruff shampoo.
|Gestation is nine weeks.
||A litter is usually 2 and
sexual maturity is reached at about 60 or 70 days.
||"Old Billy" an
English barge horse, who lived to be 62 years old
|There are over 350 different
breeds of horses and ponies.
horse's height is measured in hands. One hand =4"
|Average life span for a horse
is around 20-25 years
reliably recorded was named Teddy E. Bear, and lived to be 55 and still
|longest mane was 18 ft long
can communicate how they are feeling by their facial expressions. They use
their ears, nostrils, and eyes to show their moods.
foals are born at night
||The Mare decides when &
where the herd will go.
||Horses were the last primary
animal to be domesticated.
cannot breathe through their mouths
||China has the most
||A tiny horse ancestor lived in
America during the Ice Age.
||Llamas are members of the
camel (camelid) family
|Originated in Central Plains
in North America about 10 million years ago.
||Domesticated from the guanacos
of the Andean highlands of Peru 5,000 to 6,000 years ago
|Closest cousin is the camel.
||Weight: 200 to 450 pounds
|One of the world's oldest
||Average Pregnancy 350
days or 11.5 months.
|Estimated 7 million llamas
& alpacas in South American today.
||Usually gives birth during
|Estimated 65,000 Llamas in the
||Cria (baby Llama) usually
stands and nurses within 90 minutes.
|Life span: about 15 to 29
||Can carry about 25% of body
weight packing. (about 80 lbs)
|Llamas have a 3 compartment
||Llamas are extremely sociable
and need another Llama.
|Llamas communicate by humming
and body gestures.
||Llamas usually only spit at
other Llamas to establish order.
|Average height 5' to 5'
6" ( top of the head)
||Piercing alarm scream call to
||Most sows have two litters per
year with 7 to 12 piglets in each..
|farowing- giving birth to
||Pigs' ears are notched so that
farmers can identify what month they were born and which sow was
|gilt - a young female
that has not yet had piglets
||It takes 114 days (3 months, 3
weeks and 3 days) from conception until a sow gives birth to the piglets.
|barrow- a male pig castrated
at a young age
||The largest pig on record was
a Poland-China hog named "Big Bill." He weighed a portly 2,552
lbs and was so large that he dragged his belly on the ground. He had a
shoulder height of 5 feet and a length of 9 feet.
|The largest piglet ever
farrowed was a stillborn 5 lb 4 0z male. Average weight for a piglet is 3
||The smallest breed of pig is
the Mini Maialino. Pigs of this breed average only 20 lbs at maturity.
|Some pigs have straight tails.
Others have curly tails.
||Pigs have four toes on each
hoof. Pigs walk on only two of their toes on each foot. They look like
they are walking on tiptoe.
|Fatty acids and glycerine are
used for insecticides, floor waxes, weed killers, water-proofing agents,
cement, rubber, crayons, cosmetics, chalk, antifreeze, plastics, putty,
||Pigs are a source of nearly 40
drugs and pharmaceuticals such as insulin.
|A whole group of pigs is
called a herd.
mother pig is called a sow, a father pig is called a boar and a baby pig
is called a piglet.
||There are twelve species of
rabbits in the United States with the eastern cottontail being the most
|A group of rabbits is called a
||Gestation is about 28 days
|A group of rabbits lives in a
||Young trees and saplings are
most vulnerable to damage by rabbits
|The gestation period of a
rabbit is about 31 days
||A Rabbit's teeth grow during
their entire life
|There is only one breed of
domestic rabbit that changes color. It is the Champagne D'Argent. They are
born black and change to a dull silver
||The maximum speed of a
domestic rabbit is about 35 mph
|There are over 55 different
breeds of rabbits
||Some species of sharks can
shed as many as 30,000 teeth in their lifetime with some 300 rows.
|Great White Sharks grow about
10 inches per year to total 12-14 foot long.
||New teeth are constantly being
formed in rows in a shark's jaw. Shark's teeth are normally replaced every
|The average life span of a
shark is 25 years, but some sharks can live to be 100.
||Great White Sharks can go as
long as three months without eating.
|Sharks have no bones. A
shark's skeleton is made up of cartilage.
||There are more than 340 known
species of sharks.
|Species is about 400 million
||More people are killed each
year by dogs, pigs and deer than by sharks.
|The Pygmy Shark has a maximum
length of 11 inches.
||Bull Sharks can tolerate a
wide range of salinity and are often found in freshwater rivers and lakes
in Africa and South America.
|Sharks can generate about six
and a half tons per square inch of biting force.
||A shark's skin is embedded
with dermal denticles, which resemble teeth.
|Of the 350 or so shark
species, about 80% grow to less than 5 feet (1.6 meters) and are unable to
hurt people or rarely encounter people.
||The Shortfin Mako shark is
probably the fastest fish in the ocean, clocked at about 60 mph.
|Only 32 species have been
documented in attacks on humans, 36 more are considered.
||Sharks attack some 50-75
people each year worldwide, with perhaps 8-12 fatalities. We kill 20-100
million each year by accident in fishing.
|The great white, tiger, and
bull sharks are the most dangerous to humans.
||Unprovoked shark attacks can
be categorized as hit and run, bump and bite, or sneak attacks.
|The biggest shark is the whale
shark at 50 feet long but not a carnivore.
||The largest shark known was
the Megalodon at 40 feet long.
|The oceanic white-tipped
sharks are the most fearless predators.
||The smallest sharks are: Dwarf
Lanternfish at 7 1/2-8 inches.
|Most common is the Piked
||The Portuguese shark dives
down over 9,000 feet.
shark have to swim all the time in order to breathe, but some can lie
motionless on the bottom and breathe by pumping water over their gills.
Nurse sharks, bull sharks and lemon sharks can all do this.
||They have a large, complex
brain that is relative in size to that of birds.
white shark is at the top of the food chain.
||Sharks can detect one part of
blood per ten billion parts of water – that means they could detect one
drop of blood in an area the size of an Olympic swimming pool!
do not have any special organs for making sounds.
sharks have good eyesight and can even see in color. They can detect a
light that is ten times dimmer than the dimmest light a human can see.
shark eats about 2 percent of its body weight per day.
kill over 30 million sharks every year but in 2001
sharks killed only 4 people worldwide.
|Oceans are 70 percent shark
||Sharks are found throughout
the world's oceans
|Deepest confirmed report of a
shark is at 3,700m
||Sharks have failed to colonize
at depths greater than 3,000 meters.
|The White Shark is now
||If they were to disappear, the
whole balance of the sea would be upset.
||People started raising sheep
over ten thousand years ago
|1 lb of wool can make 10 miles
||Spinning wool into thread
began about 5,000 years ago
|Sheep prefer running water.
||Sheep grow two teeth a year
until they have eight
|Ewes typically give birth to
||Less than 70,000 Big Horn
sheep in the wild today.
|Sheep originated from Mouflon.
||There are 2 groups of sheep.
Hair Sheep & Merino Varieties.
|80% of Australia's sheep flock
||There are more than 300 breeds
|Domesticated around 9000 BC
||Rarest Sheep Breed Dwarf Blue
|Britain's rarest sheep Castlemilk
||There are up to 10,000 gallons
of water, equal to 256,000 glasses of water, in each feeding mouthful of
an adult blue whale.
|whales and dolphins do not
mate for life.
||The northern right whale is
one of the most endangered of cetaceans, numbering just over an estimated
|A blue whale calf can swim 22
||Over 50% of Northern right
whales and New England humpback whales have scars from prior fishing gear
|Fin whales are one of the
fastest whales, and can hit top speeds of over 35 miles per hour
||A blue whale calf drinks about
130 gallons of milk per day, and gains up to 200 pounds per day
|Humpback whales have the
longest migration of any known mammal
species of beaked whale has recently been discovered.
|Southern right whales have
been seen to raise their flukes in the wind and use them as sails.
||A 160 ton blue whale is equal
in weight to 30 bull elephants, or 1830 adult humans weighing 175 pounds
body language and facial expressions to
|Wolves live in a family pack.
subordinate wolf will cringe towards the leader with tail low and bent
legs, ears back and down, in a submissive
travel and hunt in a group.
communicate and mark their territories by scent.
|Within each pack is an
||Pups are fed by the adults who
disgorge fresh meat from their stomachs, or carry back fresh pieces of
meat to the den.
|The parent wolves are the
leaders of the pack. Alpha male and Alpha female.
||Wolves were completely wiped
out in England by the early 1500s..
also very territorial animals.
||Scotland killed its last wolf
in the mid-1700s
|At first wolves were hunted
for their thick winter fur.
||By 1900, there were not many
wolves left in the western United States.
|Today the wolf is classified
as an endangered species
||The wolf is the largest in the
wild canine family
|The gestation period for the
wolf is 63 days
||Two species of the wolf in
North America, the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus ) and the Red Wolf (Canis
|North America there are 10
recognized sub-species of the wolf
||A wolf can achieve estimated
speeds of between 28 and 40 miles per hour for up to 20 minutes
|2 types of hair, "Guards
"interlock" so the wolf can grip and hang on to struggling prey
|Wolves breed only once a year;
most dogs breed twice .
||Wolves howl to greet one
|A wolf can consume almost
twenty pounds of prey at a feeding
||All members of a wolf pack
take part in caring for the young .
|24 subspecies of wolves are
recognized in North America.
||Wolves have no natural
predators, except for humans.
|In the United
States there has never been a documented case where a healthy wild wolf
attacked a human, in fact it is very rare when a wolf even comes near a
||Wolves are normally afraid of
people, and try to avoid them when ever possible
|More on Wolves Click
|At full speed wolves can run
at close to 30 mph.
||In captivity wolves can live
to be about 16 years of age, in the wild most don't make it to be 8 years
|Save the Wolf Petition Click
||The Ethiopian wolf is one of
the rarest and most endangered