We will be placing information on the continents, eco system and more. These are accurate facts and as such we will have to research them again. Learn about our Ecology, Rainforest facts, Continents, Oceans and more. We collect No information from you, about you and allow No 3rd party cookies so enjoy and learn without worry. In this section Earth As A Whole, Rainforest, Ecology. At the bottom are links for Continents, Countries links

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Earth As A Whole

Earth is 3rd planet from the Sun, 92,897,000 miles from the Sun.
Earth is the 5th largest planet almost 2 million square miles. Water covers 70 % of the surface. 97 % is saltwater, 3% freshwater. This totals 139,668,500 square miles of water.
There are 10 Million Species of life on Earth. Diameter almost 8,000 miles. 
Antarctica is the coldest recorded place on earth. Highest Point is Mt Everest 29, 028 above sea level
Earth is fast, about 66,700 miles per hour. Lowest Land Point Dead Sea 1,302 below sea level
Earth is pumpkin-shaped and getting fatter in the middle as Mountain Glaziers melt.  Hottest Place recorded El Azizia in Libya recorded a temperature of 136 degrees Fahrenheit.
Highest Mountain is Mount Everest but the Biggest mountain is Mauna Loa in Hawaii.  Coldest Place recorded -129 Fahrenheit (-89 Celsius) at Vostok, Antarctica,
Earth's longest mountain range is the Mid-Ocean Ridge more than 50,000 km in length, which winds around the globe from the Arctic Ocean to the Atlantic, skirting Africa, Asia and Australia, and crossing the Pacific to the west coast of North America. It is four times longer than the Andes, Rockies, and Himalayas combined.
The Kuroshio Current, off the shores of Japan, is the largest current.
Deepest place in the Ocean is Marianas Trench in Marianas Islands, the bottom is 35,813 ft or about 7 miles and is called Challenger Deep. Wettest place is Cherrapunji at an average of 1270 cms per year.
Biggest River is the Amazon 3,903miles and some say 4,195miles long. It provides 20% of the freshwater into the Ocean! Antarctica is 90% of the total ice on Earth
Nile River in Africa is reported to be between 3,437mi to 4,180miles long. The Driest place on Earth is Atacama desert along the coast of Chile, South America. Some places have not received rainfall in 400 years. Average overall is .01 cm per year.
Thickest Ice is the shores of Wilkes Land in Antarctica at about 3 miles thick.  Deepest cave is in Salzburg, Austria called "Lamprechtsofen-Vogelshacht" and it is 5,354 feet deep and they are still exploring it.
There are 5 oceans on Earth. Pacific, Indian, Artic, Southern, Atlantic. Most precious element on Earth:
A crystalline isometric polymorph of carbon
Total number of animal species currently known is 1.5 million Animals, plants, fungi, bacteria, and protists there may be over 30 million different species.
More than 6 billion human beings. Earth symbol
Earth sign, the symbol for the Earth
There are 24 time zones Largest City: Seoul, South Korea, 10,231,217 people
There are more than 6,800 different languages. About one-third of this languages have writing systems.
The Moon orbits Earth in 27.3217 days. The Moon is 211,265 miles from Earth and the Moon is 1079.5 miles at it's radius. 
On Earth Rotation takes 23.9345 hours Earth is the densest major body in the solar system.
Land is 29% of Earth's surface, that's 57,268,900 square miles. Earth consists predominantly of Oxygen, Silicon, Aluminum, Iron, Calcium, Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium, Nickel and Carbon.
Earth's location - Virgo Super cluster- Local Group - second-largest Galaxy - "Milky Way" - Orion Arm - Solar System - 3rd planet in distance outward from the Sun. Other names of Mother Earth, Earth goddesses: Hertha, Erda, Jörd, Fjörgyn, Hlödyn, Gaia, Tellus
10,000 Religions with numerous denominations.  Most spoken language Mandarin (1 billion +), then English (508 million), then Hindustani (497 million), then Spanish (392 million).
Almost 7,000 languages.  There are 11,167 species now endangered. (animal, plant)
The highest tides in the world are at the Bay of Fundy, which separates New Brunswick from Nova Scotia. At some times of the year the difference between high and low tide is 16.3 m, taller than a three-story building. 90% of all volcanic activity occurs in the oceans.
Earth's crust is about 5 miles deep An estimated 80% of all life on earth is found under the ocean surface and the oceans contain 99% of the living space on the planet. Less than 10% of that space has been explored by humans. 85% of the area and 90% of the volume constitute the dark, cold environment we call the deep sea. The average depth of the ocean is 3,795 m. The average height of the land is 840 m.


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Rainforests once covered 14% of the earth's land surface, now they only cover 2% ! 1 1/2 acres of rainforest are lost every second! Translated, 20,000 square miles a year. 200,000 acres of rainforest are burned every day. That is over 150 acres lost every minute of every day, 78 million acres each year. Some scientists claim that areas as large as the state of Delaware are being cleared every month. The size of England, Wales and Scotland combined.
Remaining rainforests could be consumed in less than 40 years! Nearly half of the world's species of plants, animals and microorganisms will be destroyed or severely threatened over the next quarter century.
121 prescription drugs sold worldwide come from plant-derived sources in the Rainforest. An estimated 137 plant, animal and insect species every day because of rainforest deforestation, that's about 50,000 species per year!
At one time an estimated ten million Indians living in the Amazonian Rainforest five centuries ago. Today there are less than 200,000. 25% of Western pharmaceuticals are derived from rainforest ingredients, less that 1% of these tropical trees and plants have been tested by scientists.
Most medicine men and shamans remaining in the Rainforests today are 70 years old or more, as they die so does the valuable medical information with them the possessed.  European colonists have destroyed more than 90 indigenous tribes since the 1900's.
Amazon Rainforest has been described as the "Lungs of our Planet" as more than 20% of our Oxygen is produced there! Amazonian Rainforest covers over a billion acres, encompassing areas in Brazil, Venezuela, Columbia and the Eastern Andean region of Ecuador and Peru. If Amazonia were a country, it would be the ninth largest in the world.
2.47 acres may contain over 750 types of trees and 1500 species of higher plants. 3000 fruits are found in the rainforests, currently we use 200, Rainforest Indians use 2,000. 
80% of the developed world's diet originated in the tropical rainforest. 121 prescription drugs currently sold worldwide come from plant-derived sources, only 1% have been tested so far.
"Over 100 pharmaceutical companies and several branches of the US government, including giants like Merck and The National Cancer Institute, are engaged in plant research projects for possible drugs and cures for viruses, infections, cancer and even AIDS." "U.S. National Cancer Institute has identified 3000 plants that are active against cancer cells. 70% of these plants are found in the rainforest. Twenty-five percent of the active ingredients in today's cancer-fighting drugs come from organisms found only in the rainforest."
In 1950, 15% of the earth's land surface was covered by rainforest, now more than 1/2 is gone forever. Vincristine, extracted from the rainforest plant, Periwinkle, is one of the world's most powerful anticancer drugs. It has dramatically increased the survival rate for acute childhood leukemia since its discovery.
Three quarters of the trees of the Ivory Coast are gone. 100 years ago 1/2 of India and a third of Ethiopia were covered by forest, now 1/14 percent in India and 1/3 of Ethiopia is.  Rainforest land converted to cattle operations yields the land owner $60 per acre and if timber is harvested, the land is worth $400 per acre. However, if these renewable and sustainable resources are harvested, the land will yield the land owner $2,400 per acre.
Eight out of ten trees in Ghana have been cut down. More than 20% of the Amazon Rainforest is already gone and much more is severely threatened.
A single pond in Brazil can sustain a greater variety of fish than are found in all of Europe's rivers. A single rainforest reserve in Peru is home to more species of birds than the entire United States
Twenty-five acre plot of rainforest in Borneo may contain over seven hundred species of trees - a number equal to the total tree diversity of North America; Rainforests support over half of our plants wild plants and trees and one-half of the world's wildlife.
Tropical rainforests are the world's oldest ecosystems. "One single cattle operation in Brazil that was co-owned by British Barclays Bank and one of Brazil's wealthiest families was responsible for the destruction of almost 500,000 acres of virgin rainforest. Never made a profit but government write-offs sheltered huge logging profits earned off of logging other land in the Brazilian rainforest owned by the same investors."
Rainforests also absorb solar radiation and without them it would bounce back creating Global Warming. "Rainforests also play a role in recycling the earth's water as moisture is absorbed by the trees and evaporated into the atmosphere to return as rainfall. Without it streams can disappear during the dry season and deprive human populations of water. This is already happening in parts of Africa."
25% of the world's species could be lost by the end of this decade. "The land is often abandoned after being cleared and farmed/grazed for a few years leaving the inhabitants no choice but to move on and clear more land."
"Changes may occur in rainfall and air circulation and radiation from the sun may be greatly increased." 'Greenhouse gases and carbon dioxide contribute to global warming. The burning of rainforest accounts for nearly 30% of the carbon dioxide released in the atmosphere. This could increase."


There are 2 types of Rainforest, the temperate and the tropical. India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Haiti have been destroyed already.
Thailand lost 45% of its forest between 1961 and 1985. Ivory Coast rainforests have been almost completely logged.
Philippines lost 55% of its forest between 1960 and 1985. Rainforests also support 90,000 of the 250,000 identified plant species. Scientists estimate that there are at least 30,000 as yet undiscovered plants.
Seventy percent of the plants identified by the National Cancer Institute as useful in cancer treatment are found only in the rainforest. Yet fewer than 1% of tropical forest species have been thoroughly examined for their chemical compounds. A typical four square mile patch of rainforest contains as many as 1500 species of flowering plants, 750 species of trees, 125 mammal species, 400 species of birds, 100 of reptiles, 60 of amphibians, and 150 different species of butterflies. In one study, one square meter of leaf litter, when analyzed, turned up 50 species of ants alone. (National Academy of Sciences.)
Things you can do to help One fifth of all the birds and plants on Earth evolved in the Amazon Basin. (Steinhart, Peter, National Wildlife Federation, Dec./Jan. 1984)


Every ton of paper that is recycled saves 17 trees. Dense brown cloud of air pollution that circles around the northern hemisphere could be reducing global rainfall levels.
Each person throws away approximately four pounds of garbage every day. We each use about 12,000 gallons of water every year
1/3 of all energy is used by people at home. Each gallon of fuel releases 20 pounds of carbon dioxide into the air.
By 1995 over 200 of the world landfills will be full 5 million tons of oil produced in the world each ear ends up in the ocean.
14 billion pounds of trash is dumped into the ocean every year. It takes 90% less energy to recycle aluminum cans than to make new ones
One gallon of motor oil can contaminate up to 2 million gallons of water. It takes plastics take 500 years, aluminum cans take 500 years
organic materials take 6 months, cotton, rags, and paper take 6 months to biodegrade.

Global Warming

More on Global Warming at 
Carbon dioxide and other air pollution that is collecting in the atmosphere like a thickening blanket, trapping the sun's heat and causing the planet to warm up. Insects and diseases that are not usually found in cooler areas will spread and do well as cooler becomes warmer. Many have already occurred but more are coming.  
Melting glaciers, early snowmelt and severe droughts will cause more dramatic water shortages in the American West. Although local temperatures fluctuate naturally, over the past 50 years the average global temperature has increased at the fastest rate in recorded history.
Forests, farms and cities will face troublesome new pests and more mosquito-borne diseases. Rising sea levels will lead to coastal flooding on the Eastern seaboard, in Florida, and in other areas, such as the Gulf of Mexico.
Largest source of global warming pollution is USA. Disruption of habitats such as coral reefs and alpine meadows could drive many plant and animal species to extinction.
Canada's Inuit see it in disappearing Arctic ice and permafrost. Europeans see it in disappearing glaciers, forest fires and fatal heat waves.
the global sea level is rising about three times faster over the past 100 years compared to the previous 3,000 years. mountain glaciers the world over are receding;
Arctic ice pack has lost about 40% of its thickness over the past four decades. growing number of studies that show plants and animals changing their range and behavior in response to shifts in climate.
Eventually we will be thrown back into another Ice Age. Antarctic mud reveals ancient evidence of global climate change
Spread of disease.  Arctic's perennial polar ice cap is declining at the rate of 9 percent per decade.
Recent research has found that storm intensity and duration increases as global warming emissions increase in our atmosphere. Rising sea levels, also caused in part by rising global temperatures, intensify storm damage along coasts.
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Antarctica is actually a desert, receiving about the same precipitation (less than 2 inches a year), as the Sahara Desert.
If Antarctica were to melt, the sea level would rise over 200 feet. The world's record low temperature of -128.5° F was recorded in Antarctica.
Winds reach nearly 200 mph on the coasts.  Antarctica represents about 9 percent of Earth's continental crust and has been in a near-polar position for more than 100 million years.
An ice sheet covers all but 2.4 percent of Antarctica's 5.4 million square miles. Jules-Sébastien-César Dumont d'Urville's wife. D'Urville was the first man to set foot in Antarctica.
The ice sheet is nearly 3 miles deep. It averages 1.34 miles thick Four species of penguins breed on the Antarctic continent: Adelie, Emporer, Chinstrap and Gentoo. The Chinstrap penguins.
Second-smallest continent at 5.5 million sq. miles.   The magnetic South Pole shifts about 5 miles (km) a year and is now located at about 66°S and 139°E on the Adélie Coast of Antarctica.
98% thick continental ice sheet and 2% barren rock. Seven have made territorial claims, but not all countries recognize these claims.
Animals have low hemoglobin and therefore have white organs and blood. NASA satellite data showed that the Antarctic ozone hole was the largest on record.
Highest point is Vinson Massif at 16,066.273 feet Ozone depletion earlier was shown to harm one-celled Antarctic marine plants; in 2002, significant areas of ice shelves disintegrated in response to regional warming
Lowest point is Bentley Subglacial Trench at - 8,382.54593 feet. There are no developed ports and harbors in Antarctica.
Tourists cannot visit Antarctica during the winter; pack ice extends 1000km (620mi) around the continent making ship access impossible and the darkness (almost 24 hours a day) does not lift until summer time. Add to this the midwinter 'chill' - temperatures can be -80 or 90° Celsius. Summer only.  Natural Dangers - katabatic (gravity-driven) winds blow coastward from the high interior; frequent blizzards form near the foot of the plateau; cyclonic storms form over the ocean and move clockwise along the coast; volcanism on Deception Island and isolated areas of West Antarctica; other seismic activity rare and weak; large icebergs may calve from ice shelf.


The planet's largest continent, Asia covers about 30 percent of the world's landmass and includes (44) countries and assorted islands and/or dependencies. 17,139,000 sq mi.
Asia has three important recognized political divisions. The Middle East, Southeast & North Asia. also includes the world's lowest point, found in the Dead Sea, at 1,312 ft/400 m below sea level. 
Asia has the world's tallest mountain, Mt Everest at 29,035 feet.  Asia's border with Europe.
The continent includes the world's most populated countries, China and India; Asia can be divided into six regions, 
Asia the world's longest coastline.  Major religions are Hinduism (in India); Theravada Buddhism (in Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Laos); Lamaism, or Tibetan Buddhism (in Mongolia and China, particularly Tibet); East Asian Buddhism (in China and Korea, mixed with Confucianism, shamanism, and Taoism; in Japan mixed with Shinto and Confucianism); Islam (in SW and S Asia, W central Asia, and Indonesia); and Catholicism (in the Philippines, East Timor, and Vietnam).
The world's deepest lake; Lake Baykal Rice, by far the most important food crop, is grown for local consumption in the heavily populated countries.
More than 40 per cent of the animal and plant species in South East Asia could be wiped out this century, with at least half representing global extinctions. Endangered Species in Asia$msgnum=1158 
3.3 billion people, nearly three fifths of the world's total population. Asia was the home of some of the world's oldest civilizations.


Largest city is Sydney, 4,250,100 people.
The world's smallest continent. 2,941,283 sq mi including Tasmania.  Caucasian 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal (353,000) and other 1%
Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. Anglican 26.1%, Roman Catholic 26%, other Christian 24.3%
Population 20,264,082 (July 2006 est The first inhabitants of Australia were the Aborigines.
Highest point in Mount Kosciusko 7,308 ft It is also the lowest, the flattest and (apart from Antarctica) the driest.
Australia comprises just five percent of the world's land area, yet it is the planet's sixth largest country. Australia has sovereign rights over an area of ocean greater in size than its continental land mass.
Australia has some impressive 'high country' but it is in fact the lowest continent in the world with an average elevation of just 330 metres. Australia's ten highest mountains are all located within six kilometres of one another.
Murray River is Australia's longest. Australia is surrounded literally by thousands of islands, amongst them the world's largest sand island.
Wallaman Falls, Australia's tallest waterfall. Ten deserts make up nearly 20 per cent of Australia.
Australia is the only nation to govern an entire continent and its outlying islands. Australia is an independent Western democracy.
Australia produces 95 per cent of the world's precious opals and 99 per cent of black opals. Australia boasts over 7,000 beaches - more than any other nation.
The total size of Australia is almost exactly the size of the lower 48 US states. The world's longest continuous fence known as the 'dingo fence', runs through central Queensland for 5,531 kilometres. It is 1.8 metres high and is designed to keep sheep safe from Australia's native dog.


6th largest continent, .4,000,000 sq mi including adjacent islands.
It is technically a vast peninsula of the Eurasian land mass. Separated from Asia by the Urals and the Ural River in the east; by the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus in the southeast; and by the Black Sea, the Bosporus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles in the south.
The climate of Europe varies from subtropical to polar. Europe's highest point is Mt. Elbrus in European Russia at 18,481 ft.
46 countries and assorted dependencies and territories. Europe's lowest point is on the surface of the Caspian Sea, at 92 ft (28m) below sea level.
Turkey and the Russian Federation (Russia) are considered a part of both Asia and Europe. Europe is really not a continent, but part of the peninsula of Euroasia which includes all of Europe and Asia. However, it's still widely referred to as a continent.

North America

Third largest continent.9,400,000 sq mi 
Lowest point (282 ft below sea level) is in Death Valley, Calif. North America includes all of the mainland and related offshore islands lying N of the Isthmus of Panama.
Highest point is Mt. McKinley (Denali; 20,320 ft), Alaska, The continent is bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the west by the Pacific Ocean and the Bering Sea, and on the east by the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico.
The Missouri-Mississippi river system is the longest. With the exception of the Gulf of Mexico, Hudson Bay is by far the largest body of water indenting the continent; others include the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the Gulf of California (Sea of Cortès).
Continent may be divided into five major regions. Lake Superior (31,820 sq mi), the westernmost of the Great Lakes, is the continent's largest lake.
Fuel use is high - in 1995 the average North American used more than 1 600 litres of fuel (compared to about 330 litres in Europe). North Americans use more per capita energy and resources than any other region. This causes acute problems for the environment and human health.
  Fish stocks off the east coast have nearly collapsed. The Atlantic finfish catch declined from 2.5 million tons in 1971 to less than 500 000 tons in 1994. The oxygen-depleted 'dead zone' that now appears off the US Gulf Coast each summer - at the peak of fertilizer run-off from the Corn Belt - is the size of New Jersey.
Utah's Great Salt Lake is an inland lake. However, it is saltier than the ocean! Most of North America's deserts are in the southeastern United States and northern Mexico.
Hawaii is approximately 2,550 miles southwest of Los Angeles, in the middle of the North Pacific Ocean. Politically it is part of the United States in North America, but geographically because of its (isolated location) it is not considered part of any continent. It includes the countries in Central America, the island countries of the West Indies, the many islands in the Caribbean Sea, and Greenland. The countries of the continent are:
  • United States
  • Canada
  • Mexico
  • Greenland
  • Costa Rica
  • El Salvador
  • Barbados
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Haiti


  • Guatamala
  • Belize
  • Honduras
  • Nicaragua
  • Panama
  • Cuba
  • St. Kitts and Nevis
  • St. Vincent and the Grenadines


  • Jamaica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Dominica
  • Bahamas
  • St. Lucia
  • Grenada

South America

4th largest continent. 6,880,000 sq mi
Highest Point: Cerro Aconcagua
Andes Mountains, Argentina 22,833 ft
It is divided politically into 12 independent countries–Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela–and the overseas department of French Guiana.
The Andes region is seismically active and prone to earthquakes. Topographically the continent is divided into three sections–the South American cordillera, the interior lowlands, and the continental shield.
The continent's great river systems empty into the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. South America embraces every climatic zone–tropical rainy, desert, high alpine–and vegetation varies accordingly.
São Paulo, Brazil, whose population is nearly 10,000,000 is the largest city. The continent contains the Amazon River and rainforest, the Andes Mountains.
Percent of Earth's Land: 12% Lowest Point: Peninsula Valdes Argentina coastline at 151 ft below sea level.
Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion. French Guiana also has a large number of Protestants. Guyana and Suriname are exceptions, with three major religions: Christianity in general, Hinduism, and Islam. The Chavín established a trade network and developed agriculture by 900 BC, according to some estimates and archeological finds.
La Paz, Bolivia is the highest capital city in the world. Brazil, at 8,456,510 sq km, (3,265,059 sq miles), is the fifth largest country in the world. Argentina, at 2,736,690 sq km, (1,056,636 sq miles) is the eighth largest.
Two of the five longest rivers in the world are in South America: the Amazon at 4,087 miles and the Parana at 3,032 miles. The Amazon is visible from space. The Amazon river basin is the largest contiguous tropical rainforest in the world. The Amazon and its tributaries form an area called Amazonia.
The highest waterfall in the world is Angel Falls, Venezuela where water falls 3,281 feet from the top to the base in a series of steps. The Andes are the longest mountain range in the world, extending more than 4000 miles through seven countries down the western portion of South America. The second highest mountain in the world is Cerro Aconcagua (22,835 ft) in Argentina.


Buenaventura, Colombia with 267" rain per year is the wettest inhabited place on earth. Other sources say Quibido, Colombia, the rainiest place in South America, receives more than 350 inches (890 centimeters) of rain. Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world.
The smallest orchid is found in South America and has a flower only one half millimeter in diameter. Modern petunias of all colors are hybrids from the South American native plant. Modern forms of marigolds were bred from about six of the 30 wild species which are native to Arizona, Argentina, and Mexico.
The anaconda is the largest snake by mass, not length. It can be as big around as an adult man. Biggest Snake. Corn, potatoes, tomatoes, peanuts, tobacco, chocolate, sweet potatoes, tapioca, pumpkins, squash, coconuts, cherimoyas, plantains, pineapples are native to Latin America.
There are 38 peaks in South America higher than Mt. McKinley, the highest point in North America. The highest mountain is Cerro Aconcagua (22,835 ft) in Argentina. Topographic Map The Pacific Ocean at the Isthmus of Panama is often 20 feet higher than the Atlantic Ocean. Panama is the only place in the world where someone can see the sun rise on the Pacific Ocean and set on the Atlantic. Geography Trivia.
endangered species grows by 1,092 in the last year and now totals 12,259 animals and plants, including all of the world's 21 albatross species, dozens of sharks and rays, spider and howler monkeys, and Mediterranean dolphins.